University of Belgrade – Faculty of Architecture
War memorial architecture that emerged after World War II was a significant part of the building program of Yugoslavia. Marking the war events (traumas) is an important constituent of memory, and thus participates in the construction of contemporary knowledge regarding a given historical period. The aim of this paper is to present the influence of legislation and politics on the formation of the image of society and history of that period, through the analysis of the case study of Memorial park Kragujevački Oktobar in Šumarice, Kragujevac. After WWII, the dominant tendency in Yugoslav planning of memorials was to establish a new form of memorial park. Even though the building requirements in this case were clear, they were not carried out consistently, which left to the memorial incomplete. Nevertheless, within the Memorial park and Memorial museum in the park, there are several pieces of art of the highest quality, completed through a synthesis of different art disciplines. The influence of decisions of the authorities on the development of the Memorial park and the creation of its art will be described through the methodology of rhythmanalysis. The same analysis will be applied to determine how the construction of the park impacted the local community.
memorial monument, memorial museum, synthesis of arts, rhythmanalysis, Memorial Park Kragujevački Oktobar